June 2014 Newsletter

Causes, Signs and Types of Gum Diseases

By Nil Jhonson  

Periodontal gum disease is one of the most popular reasons for tooth loss. As the symptoms of gum diseases are often silent, people may not be able to figure out about the existence of gum problem with them. Researches show that around 75% of the adults in the United States are suffering from some sort of gum disease, but only 60%-65% holds the knowledge about the presence of the gums related problem with them. Periodontal disease is often linked to heart problems and diabetes, and its treatment becomes essential.

Causes of Gum Diseases

  1. 1. The major cause of any gum disease is the growth of plaque on teeth. As our mouth contains a lot of germ building particles, the possibilities of plaque accumulation on teeth gets higher. Brushing and flossing can help to get rid of plaque, but still manual brushing is not very effective to get rid of it completely. Professional teeth cleaning can help to achieve cleaner and tartar free mouth.
  2.  Hormonal changes in women during pregnancy can make their gums sensitive that may cause inflammation in their gum. Gum inflammation in women during pregnancy may be an outcome of a gum disease known as gingivitis. The hormonal fluctuation in women from the day they reach puberty till the time they reach the stage of menopause severely affects their dental health.
  3. There are certain kind of medications that may cause the condition of dry mouth in a person under medication and reduces the flow of saliva. Saliva works as a protective layer on teeth and gums and the reduction in a flow of saliva may result in the development of serious gum problems. Reduction in the flow of saliva encourages the growth of gum tissues in an abnormal pattern and make the gums prone to infections.
  4. The habit of smoking is harsh on the mouth and reduces the capacity of gum tissues to self repair.
  5. Gum diseases are often genetic. A person's family history of any gum disease increases his/her chances of developing gum problems.
  6. Illnesses like heart disease, diabetes, cancer or HIV badly affects the immune system of a person and put them on the higher side of the risk of developing periodontal disease.
  7. Lack of oral hygiene, such as irregular brushing or flossing is a big contributor in the development of gum diseases.

Symptoms of periodontal disease

  • Bad breath from mouth
  • Swelling and redness in the gums
  • Pain and discomfort in the teeth and gums
  • Loose teeth
  • Increase in tooth sensitivity

Types of gum diseases

Gingivitis - Gingivitis causes inflammation in the gums. It may cause gums to bleed and make them appear red. Gingivitis is often silent and hardly causes any discomfort to a patient. People with gingivitis responds well to professional treatments like dental teeth cleaning. A regular and planned oral care is of immense help in the treatment of gingivitis.

Periodontitis - Periodontitis is the result of untreated gingivitis. Lack of proper oral care may cause the plaque to grow below the gums and results in the chronic inflammation of the gums. Periodontitis weakens the foundation of the teeth and forms a space (pocket) between the gums and teeth due to the infection.

Periodontitis causes the teeth to get loose from the roots and many of the victims of the disease either lose their teeth naturally or have to get them extracted.

Only regular dental checkups can help to diagnose gum infections at the initial stage and restricts them to grow further.

Looking for ways to take care of your family's dental healthcare? Contact us today at (517) 627-4027 or visit our website to learn about the many services we offer!

Article Source: EzineArticles.com